This Self-Learning Module (SLM) is prepared so that you, our dear learners, can continue your studies and learn while at home. Activities, questions, directions, exercises, and discussions are carefully stated for you to understand each lesson.
Each SLM is composed of different parts. Each part shall guide you step-by-step as you discover and understand the lesson prepared for you.
Pre-tests are provided to measure your prior knowledge on lessons in each SLM. This will tell you if you need to proceed on completing this module or if you need to ask your facilitator or your teacher’s assistance for better understanding of the lesson. At the end of each module, you need to answer the post-test to self-check your learning. Answer keys are provided for each activity and test. We trust that you will be honest in using these.
Please use this module with care. Do not put unnecessary marks on any part of this SLM. Use a separate sheet of paper in answering the exercises and tests. And read the instructions carefully before performing each task.
At the end of the module, the learner is expected to identify the elements and principles of arts as seen in Philippine Festivals.
Have you ever experienced participating in a dance festival in your school? How about acting on stage in front of your teachers and fellow students? If not, well for sure you have witnessed some performances that are similar to festivals and theatre acts. It is a good thing that you have known the historical background of some of our oldest festivals in different towns and how they have evolved over the time. We tend to appreciate a certain culture more once we get to know its origins and how people from the past participated in these kinds of celebrations and transformed them according to their beliefs and lifestyle.
Our previous discussion made us discover how theatrical forms and festivals came to the Philippines. We found out that Spaniards had a great influence to these forms of arts due to their long period of colonization. From the patrons of religious festivals to the scenes and themes of theatre acts, there is no denying that our elders, way back then, embraced some of those that were brought to our country like Christianity which is reflected in many festivals and theatrical forms. Now that you know the origins of Sarswela, Moro-Moro and Senakulo, as well as Ati-atihan, Moriones and Kadayawan, we will take you to a deeper understanding of these art forms as we identify and analyze the elements of arts as applied to Philippine festivals and theatrical forms. Be amazed as to how they incorporate their sound and music, costumes, make-up, masks, accessories and props to their majestic celebrations of thanksgiving and life.
After going through this module, you are expected to
1. identify the elements of arts as applied to Philippine festivals and analyze how each element varies from one culture to another,
2. create simple props/costumes of selected festival utilizing some of the elements discussed, and
3. appreciate the artistry of Filipinos through determining the proper use of elements found in Philippine festivals.