This Self-Learning Module (SLM) is prepared so that you, our dear learners, can continue your studies and learn while at home. Activities, questions, directions, exercises, and discussions are carefully stated for you to understand each lesson.
Each SLM is composed of different parts. Each part shall guide you step-by-step as you discover and understand the lesson prepared for you.
Pre-tests are provided to measure your prior knowledge on lessons in each SLM. This will tell you if you need to proceed on completing this module or if you need to ask your facilitator or your teacher’s assistance for better understanding of the lesson. At the end of each module, you need to answer the post-test to self-check your learning. Answer keys are provided for each activity and test. We trust that you will be honest in using these.
Please use this module with care. Do not put unnecessary marks on any part of this SLM. Use a separate sheet of paper in answering the exercises and tests. And read the instructions carefully before performing each task.
This module is developed based on the Most Essential Learning Competency in the English 8 curriculum guide for the fourth quarter. The lesson found in this module is split into self-contained units with their own activities and notes for further reading.
The lesson in this module will help the learners learn how to use grammatical signals suitable to each pattern of idea development. In addition, this module can be used for individualized instruction working through topic by topic. In this respect, we hope that the module will itself be put to use productively in different ways that, nonetheless, contributes to its underlying aim: to save our learners from dropping out and to develop an awareness of reading among our learners, where reading the word is a part of reading the world.
The most essential learning competency in this module is to use appropriate grammatical signals or expressions suitable to each pattern of idea development: general-to-particular, claim-and-counterclaim, problem solution, cause-and-effect, and others.
Specifically, the learners are expected to:
1. define grammatical signals;
2. identify the different patterns of idea development;
3. distinguish appropriate grammatical signals to each pattern of idea development; and
4. write a paragraph about a social issue using a pattern of idea development with appropriate grammatical signals.