Grade 7 Science Module: The Microscope

This Self-Learning Module (SLM) is prepared so that you, our dear learners, can continue your studies and learn while at home. Activities, questions, directions, exercises, and discussions are carefully stated for you to understand each lesson.

Each SLM is composed of different parts. Each part shall guide you step-by-step as you discover and understand the lesson prepared for you.

Pre-tests are provided to measure your prior knowledge on lessons in each SLM. This will tell you if you need to proceed on completing this module or if you need to ask your facilitator or your teacher’s assistance for better understanding of the lesson. At the end of each module, you need to answer the post-test to self-check your learning. Answer keys are provided for each activity and test. We trust that you will be honest in using these.

Please use this module with care. Do not put unnecessary marks on any part of this SLM. Use a separate sheet of paper in answering the exercises and tests. And read the instructions carefully before performing each task.

If you have any questions in using this SLM or any difficulty in answering the tasks in this module, do not hesitate to consult your teacher or facilitator.

Hi! Have a great day! Welcome to the nature of Biology, where you will learn the diversity of life. Do you know that living things of unique classes, big or small consist of cells? Yes, some organisms are single- celled while others are made up of billions of cells like our body or have trillions like the elephants.

Most cells are so small that they cannot be seen by our naked eye. But, how can we examine these cells? We are grateful and lucky enough that our scientists and inventors in their times built the microscope, a special equipment or tool to make small objects like cells look bigger. In this module, you will learn the brief history and types of microscope. You will also study the parts of the microscope and how does each part function. Knowing this lesson is very essential in your future use especially in viewing different internal structures of living things under the microscope.

The module is divided into two lessons, specifically:

  • Activity 1: Brief History of Microscope
  • Activity 2: Parts and Functions of a Microscope

After going through this module, you are expected to:

  • Define Microscope;
  • state the function of a microscope;
  • identify the various type of microscope;
  • label the parts of the microscope; and
  • describe the functions of each part of the microscope.

Grade 7 Science Quarter 2 Self-Learning Module: The Microscope


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