This Self-Learning Module (SLM) is prepared so that you, our dear learners, can continue your studies and learn while at home. Activities, questions, directions, exercises, and discussions are carefully stated for you to understand each lesson.
Each SLM is composed of different parts. Each part shall guide you step-by-step as you discover and understand the lesson prepared for you.
Thinking and communicating clearly and coherently are ways of logic. It is an essential area of study which has various applications in your daily life activities. Your belief can be affected by the way you reason, which ultimately affects the way you behave and live your life. Therefore, reasoning correctly is of utmost importance.
You encounter arguments in your everyday life, you read them in books and magazines, and you hear them on television. Even in most examination problems involving logic are included. Without knowing, you sometimes formulate them when communicating with other people. Logic will help you to discourse and deal with others with correct reasoning. Making logic a habit of your thinking makes you improve your critical thinking skills. As you develop methods and techniques used to distinguish correct reasoning from incorrect one, you become more confident.
As you may already know the main goal in logic is to determine the validity of arguments. This module was designed and written to help you know about determining the validity of categorical syllogisms. It covers varied situations that can be seen in real life. It is hoped that upon exploring this learning kit you will be eager and enthusiastic in completing the task required. Although studying logic is challenging, it is sometimes fun.
After going through this module, you are expected to:
1. define categorical syllogism;
2. differentiate Euler’s diagram from Venn diagram;
3. enumerate the different set of rules in categorical syllogism; and
4. determine the validity of categorical syllogism.
Please use this module with care. Do not put unnecessary marks on any part of this SLM. Use a separate sheet of paper in answering the exercises and tests. And read the instructions carefully before performing each task.