Action Research in the Classroom: A Tool for Enhancing Reading Comprehension in Elementary School Students

Reading comprehension is a crucial skill for academic success and life-long learning. Elementary schools play a vital role in developing reading comprehension skills in young students. It is essential for comprehending literary texts, problem-solving, and critical thinking. Unfortunately, some students face reading difficulties that compromise their overall academic performance. To enhance reading comprehension, educators need intricate and efficient teaching tools. Consequently, action research can help educators improve reading comprehension.

This article discusses action research and how it can enhance reading comprehension in students. It will explore how this teaching strategy can help elementary school educators improve the reading skills of their students.

What is Action Research?

Action research is a teaching strategy where educators collaborate with students to investigate a problem that affects the learning process. The plan aims to generate practical solutions that educators can implement to improve student achievement. The process involves collaborating with students, reflecting on instructional practices, and continuously gathering data. This data is then analyzed to refine the process and improve student achievement.

Action research has two primary objectives: to improve student performance and promote experimental learning. In practical knowledge, students learn through the process, making learning more student-centered. This process stimulates active learning and encourages students to take responsibility for their education.

How Can Action Research Improve Reading Comprehension?

Educators can identify strategies to improve students’ reading abilities through action research. For instance, educators can use action research to identify the root cause of reading difficulties (e.g., weak decoding skills or vocabulary), tailor strategies to individual needs, and refine instructional delivery. The process may involve strategies such as pre-reading activities, modeling, teaching vocabulary, and comprehension monitoring.

Additionally, educators can use action research to monitor student progress and adjust their teaching methods accordingly. Further, educators can collaborate with students, allowing them to identify their academic strengths and areas that need improvement. This helps students to take ownership of their learning journey.

Action research also benefits educators by fostering professional development. Through collaboration with students, educators can gain new perspectives on teaching, discover innovative strategies, and refine their instructional delivery methods.

Implementing Action Research in the Classroom

Implementing action research in the classroom requires effective planning, collaboration, and communication. The success of the process relies on the participation of all stakeholders, including students, educators, and parents. Below are the steps to implement action research:

  • Identify the problem or area of interest.
  • Develop a research question.
  • Develop a plan and timeline.
  • Collect data from students and analyze.
  • Implement instructional strategies and monitor progress.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of the strategy.
  • Reflect on the process and refine the plan as needed.


In conclusion, improving reading comprehension is essential for elementary school students. Action research is an innovative teaching strategy that can help educators tailor instructional delivery and refine their strategies to enhance student learning. Educators can collaborate with students to explore the root causes of reading difficulties and identify tailored solutions to strengthen reading comprehension. By implementing action research in the classroom, educators can promote student-centered learning, foster professional development, and improve student achievement.

Can't Find What You'RE Looking For?

We are here to help - please use the search box below.

Leave a Comment