Building an Engaged Online Classroom: Best Practices and Lessons Learned

As the world continues to adapt to the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, education has had to shift toward online learning. Online classrooms have become increasingly popular, with many educational institutions now offering courses and programs exclusively online. While the online classroom has its advantages, it can be challenging for educators to engage students and maintain the same level of interactivity as in-person classes. This article will explore the best practices for building an engaged online classroom and lessons learned from experienced educators.

Understanding the Challenges of the Online Classroom

Online learning comes with its unique set of challenges that educators must recognize and address to maintain student engagement. One of the most significant challenges is the lack of face-to-face interaction. Without the benefit of in-person communication, it can be difficult to read students’ body language and reactions, making it challenging to adjust teaching methods and personalize instruction. Another challenge is the students’ varying levels of technological proficiency, which may impact their ability to engage fully in the online classroom.

Best Practices for Building an Engaged Online Classroom

1. Establish Clear Expectations

One of the most effective ways to create an engaged online classroom is to establish clear expectations. Educators should provide clear instructions on course expectations, deadlines, and grading policies. They should also communicate the online classroom rules and etiquette, such as how students should participate in online discussions and respond to one another. By setting clear expectations, educators can help students understand what is required of them and how they can participate in the online classroom successfully.

2. Create a Sense of Community

Creating a sense of community in the online classroom is crucial to maintaining student engagement. Educators should encourage students to introduce themselves and engage in online discussions. By creating a welcoming environment that fosters collaboration and participation, educators can help students feel more connected to the classroom and invested in their learning.

3. Utilize Interactive Tools

Interactive tools such as video conferencing, polling, and online whiteboards can enhance the online classroom experience. These tools allow educators to engage students in real time, increasing interactivity and personalization. For example, educators can use polling tools to collect students’ opinions or feedback, providing an opportunity for students to participate actively and share their thoughts.

4. Personalize Instruction

Personalizing instruction in the online classroom can help educators engage students and meet their unique needs. By using student data, such as performance metrics, engagement levels, and feedback, educators can adjust instruction to meet students’ individual needs. Personalizing instruction can help students feel more engaged and invested in their learning, increasing their motivation and participation in the online classroom.

5. Provide Timely and Constructive Feedback

Providing timely and constructive feedback is essential to maintaining student engagement in the online classroom. Educators should provide feedback that is specific, actionable, and personalized. Feedback should be provided promptly, allowing students to make corrections and adjust their learning strategies. By providing constructive feedback, educators can help students stay motivated and engaged in their learning.

Lessons Learned from Experienced Educators

To gain insights into building an engaged online classroom, it’s essential to learn from experienced educators. The following are some of the lessons learned from experienced educators:

1. Develop a Personal Connection with Students

Experienced educators stress the importance of developing a personal connection with students. By understanding students’ individual needs, challenges, and interests, educators can tailor instruction and provide personalized feedback. Personal connections help build trust and foster a sense of community, increasing student engagement and participation.

2. Encourage Active Learning

Encouraging active learning is another critical lesson learned from experienced educators. Active learning, such as online discussions, group projects, and problem-based learning, can increase student engagement and deepen learning.

Experienced educators recommend incorporating active learning strategies that encourage students to participate actively in the online classroom. For example, educators can facilitate online group discussions or group projects that require students to collaborate and problem-solve together.

3. Use Multimodal Teaching Strategies

Using multimodal teaching strategies is another critical lesson learned from experienced educators. Multimodal teaching involves presenting information using various modes, such as videos, images, and interactive activities, to engage students’ senses and learning styles. This approach can help students process and retain information better, leading to increased engagement and participation.

4. Emphasize the Relevance of Learning

Experienced educators stress the importance of emphasizing the relevance of learning to students’ lives. By connecting course material to real-world applications, educators can help students see the value of what they are learning. This approach can increase student engagement and motivation, leading to better learning outcomes.

5. Foster a Growth Mindset

Fostering a growth mindset is a critical lesson learned from experienced educators. A growth mindset is a belief that abilities and intelligence can be developed through hard work and dedication. By fostering a growth mindset in the online classroom, educators can help students develop resilience, persistence, and a love of learning. This approach can increase student engagement and motivation, leading to better learning outcomes.


Building an engaged online classroom requires educators to recognize the unique challenges of the online environment and adopt best practices to increase student engagement and participation. By establishing clear expectations, creating a sense of community, utilizing interactive tools, personalizing instruction, and providing timely and constructive feedback, educators can build an online classroom that fosters engagement and learning. Additionally, by learning from experienced educators and incorporating their lessons learned, educators can develop a repertoire of effective strategies for building an engaged online classroom.

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